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What About File Types for Windows Picture & Fax Viewer?

10/31/2011 03:26 by JohnEverard

First answer posted by Kiwinige at 10/31/2011 03:26
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  • Kiwinige
  • Windows includes a program called Windows Picture and Fax Viewer that allows you to view various photos on your computer. The software is based on the Windows GDI+(Graphics Device Interface--a system created with Windows 98 and above to provide easier access to graphics) and offers to read the same formats that GDI+ works with. There are a total of six formats that GDI+ can read, though some formats, such as TIFF may not be fully viewable, depending on how the file is encoded.

    BMP Bitmap

        Created by Microsoft, this format is commonly used for creating Windows wallpaper. The format specifies the amount of resolution (number of bits) per pixel in any given file.

    GIF Graphics Interchange Format

        This format was developed by Compuserve, an early provider of online services before the advent of the Internet. The company wanted a format that could be transmitted easily over modems and created this format to be very tight and small. The format is limited to 256 colors and 8 bits.

    JPEG Joint Photographic Experts Group

        As the name suggests, this format was created by the JPEG (Joint Photographic Experts Group) to provide a format for storing photos in relatively small amounts of space. The format provides 16 million colors and 24-bit color depth, however it is known as a "lossy" format. This means that as it compresses, JPEG files lose some of their original detail in favor of creating smaller files. The more compressed a JPEG file becomes, the poorer the quality of the image.

    EXIF Exchangeable Image File

        This type of file is most commonly used to provide data from a digital camera, rather than to actually provide an image. The format is based on providing an image in JPEG format; however, the EXIF file also includes some additional information, such as shutter speed, f stops (a photographic term meaning how wide the lens was focused at the time the picture was taken) and the date when the picture was taken, among other things.

    PNG Portable Network Graphics

        An updated version of the older GIF format, Portable Network Graphics provides a lossless compression (i.e. the picture is preserved perfectly, as opposed to JPEG files which are "lossy"); however, this means that the file format will create larger files than JPEG. Another feature of PNG files is that they continue to display slowly as more of the image arrives. In other words, when the initial version of the image is displayed, it will look somewhat pixilated but will improve as more data arrives, if it is being sent over the Internet.

    TIFF Tag Image File Format

        Another lossless format, TIFF files tend to be larger than most other files sizes, since it uses less compression than others. TIFF files also allow for multiple images to be stored in a single file that can be displayed separately later on. Note that while Windows Picture and Photo Viewer does support TIFF files, it does not display more than the initial image.
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